Things You Should Know About Lice Infestation
Louse belongs to the order Phthiraptera. It contains around 5,000 species of wingless insects. Lice are known as obligate parasites. They feed on the blood of warm-blooded hosts. Their hosts can be birds, mammals. They are vectors of the some diseases including typhus. Lice live on the hair and feathers of their hosts. They eat the host’s skin and other debris. They also pierce their skin and feed on their blood. Usually they don’t move from one host to the other. They spend their whole life on a single host. They cement their eggs to the hair and feathers of their hosts.
As for humans, they are hosts of pubic louse, head louse and body louse. They are tiny parasites. They consume human blood. Commonly they make their nests on human head. They spend whole lives on human heads. But they can be found in your pubic hair as well.
They are of yellow color. An adult lice is about the size of a sesame seed. Lice and its eggs are so tiny that you can easily mistake them for dandruff. And that’s how people delay proper treatment. A delayed treatment can result in prolonged suffering for the host. Moreover if a person in your home is a host, the other members of the house also are at high risk. Usually they spread with the help of scarves and hats which a host shares with the other family members. They don’t fly. Only a direct contact with the other person can cause their spread. There is a myth that lice love dirty scalp. But it is not true. They prefer clean hair and scalp.
Lice lay eggs on your head. They are called nits. Then the lice feed on the host’s blood. Its saliva can cause itching. It can create sores on your scalp. You can feel a tickling sensation on your scalp whenever lice move. They can cause small red bumps on your scalp, neck and ears. Lice become active at night and cause difficulty for you in sleeping.
You can adopt the following safety measures to prevent lice infestation:
- You should not share hats, scarves or other such items that can cause a direct contact of lice.
- Another common problem is head-to-head contact. Children while playing do that a lot. This can cause spread of lice among other family members. So try to avoid it.
- If someone is infested, he or she should get prompt treatment.
There are lots of anti-lice shampoos and pills in the market. But none of them prove to be 100% effective. Coconut oil is used for treatment. You can buy a fine tooth comb that can take the lice and eggs out of your hair is also a good treatment. But in order to get rid of a lice infestation you need help from a professional pest control company. People form Wellington can contact a Wellington Pest Control company known as Empire Pest Defense. They have experienced staff to end this kind of infestation.